Global education, as a domain of or approach to education, has an extensive, complex history with many underlying themes and terminologies. Global education often encompasses development education, peace education, human rights education, intercultural education, sustainability education, and other fields. The various constructs of global education and their related terminologies, such as global perspective, global competence, and global awareness, challenge educators, administrators, researchers, and policymakers who strive to develop common educational goals and to measure their outcomes. Further, some argue that global education is not an appropriate "umbrella term" and differentiate it from international education or world-minded education.
Despite this challenge, global education has been at the forefront of educational reform efforts as educators prepare students for an increasingly interconnected, complex world.
During the past several decades, researchers and professional organizations have developed global education frameworks, or conceptualizations of what it means to be globally competent. Often, these are categories defined according to domain of learning: knowledge (i.e., content), skills, and attitudes. Other times, these are organized by dimension (such as those of Pike and Selby, 1995: issues, spatial, temporal, process) or core element (see Hicks, 2003). In their book, Thinking Globally: Global Perspectives in the Early Years Classroom, authors Julie Browett and Greg Ashman provide a useful framework for teaching with a global perspective across the curriculum. These dimensions include:
Identity and Cultural Diversity
Social Justice and Human Rights
Peace Building and Conflict
Dimensions of Change
Globalization and Interdependence
I use this framework for demonstrating how to foster students’ global perspectives through the 17 Global Goals.
Social Justice and Human Rights includes the study of important international treaties and declarations that specify the social, civil, political, economic, health and cultural rights of all people. Students will learn the essential understandings, skills, and attitudes fostered by human rights education and teaching for social justice. Peace Building and Conflict extends learning of human rights education whereby educators learn how to build peaceful classroom communities. Specifically, students will learn strategies and resources for fostering intra- and interpersonal peace, as well as conflict resolution strategies, in young children. Globalization and Interdependence engages students in considering how human connections have changed on the planet over time. Sustainable Futures furthers students' understanding of globalization and interdependence with specific emphasis on local and global food systems. Dimensions of Change includes an awareness of the causes and effects of change, as well as how this understanding informs individual choices and pro-active decision-making.